The Largest Blockchain Companies in the World, and What They Do

Blockchain technology has exploded in popularity and adoption over the past decade. This distributed ledger system offers innovative solutions for industries ranging from finance to supply chain management. According to one estimate, the global blockchain market size already exceeds $6 billion and may reach over $39 billion by 2025.

Leading this rapid growth are pioneering companies deploying blockchain to transform business operations, enable new products and services, reduce costs, prevent fraud, and drive efficiencies. Many of these blockchain leaders are attracting major investments and forging high-profile partnerships across industries. In this post, we spotlight the 10 largest blockchain firms worldwide shaping the future of this revolutionary technology.

An Introduction to Blockchain Technology

Before diving into the major players, let’s briefly recap what blockchain is and why it has become so disruptive.

A blockchain establishes trust and accountability by decentralizing data storage and control. Rather than relying on a central administrator, blockchain networks distribute identical copies of transaction records across all nodes in the system. Cryptography secures these shared ledgers, making it virtually impossible to alter data without network consensus.

Key blockchain benefits include:

  • Decentralization – No single point of failure or control
  • Transparency – All participants can view transaction histories
  • Security – Data encryption protects against hacking/fraud
  • Immutability – Transactions cannot be changed or deleted
  • Efficiency – Faster settlements, lower costs by eliminating middlemen

Blockchain enables game-changing applications like cryptocurrencies, decentralized finance (DeFi), supply chain tracking, identity management, and smart contracts that execute based on predefined conditions.

Now let’s analyze the top companies driving blockchain innovation and growth globally based on factors like revenue, valuations, fundraising, and more.

1. Binance – $12 Billion+ in 2022 Revenue

Binance dominates the crypto exchange market, facilitating more Bitcoin and altcoin trading volume than all competitors combined. The Malta-based company has exploded into the largest crypto firm globally just five years after its founding in 2017.

Powering Binance’s meteoric rise is its extensive selection of trading pairs, low fees, seamless user experience, and industry-leading matching engine capable of processing up to 1.4 million transactions per second. The exchange offers spot trading, crypto derivatives, staking rewards, lending services, NFTs, and more to over 120 million users worldwide.

Binance CEO Changpeng Zhao (CZ) aims to make crypto more inclusive through robust fiat gateways and key partnerships across emerging markets. His global exchange processes upwards of $170 billion in transactions daily.

In 2022, Binance generated an incredible $12 billion+ in revenue thanks to surging crypto adoption and trading volumes industry-wide last year. The company ranks among the most active blockchain investors, deploying hundreds of millions into Web3 startups via its VC arm. If current growth persists, Binance could soon become the largest crypto company ever in terms of profits and valuation.

"We want to be the infrastructure services provider for the blockchain industry,” CZ told Forbes.

2. Coinbase – $629 Million Revenue in 2022

Coinbase has played an integral role in crypto’s mainstream adoption since its founding in 2012 as an easy, secure way to buy and sell digital currencies. The crypto exchange pioneer directly listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange in a watershed moment, achieving a stunning $100 billion valuation days later in April 2021.

The U.S.-based exchange offers trading, custody, asset management, and other prime services to retail and institutional crypto investors. Coinbase has continued enhancing its platform’s usability, security, and educational resources as digital assets gain broader traction.

By Q2 2022, Coinbase served over 9% of Americans with its intuitive access to 130+ crypto tokens. The company has also built a thriving ecosystem of partnerships with traditional banks, investment firms, startups, and major enterprises like Tesla, SpaceX, and Prada welcoming crypto payments.

Coinbase has maintained steady revenues buffering crypto market volatility, generating $629 million in subscription, services, and transaction fees last year

"We‘re seeing a new crypto economy come to life,‘‘ said CEO Brian Armstrong, citing metaverse, gaming, social media, and finance use cases.

3. Circle – $400 Million Revenue Backed by Stablecoin USDC

Founded in 2013 by serial entrepreneurs Jeremy Allaire and Sean Neville, Circle issues one of the largest dollar-pegged stablecoins, USDC, facilitating over $1.6 trillion in on-chain transactions. The Boston-based company has rapidly expanded into crypto financial services, payments infrastructure, treasury management, and more.

Circle enables businesses and developers to leverage USDC for faster cross-border payments, embedding crypto in consumer applications, integrating tokenization, accessing DeFi protocols, and risk management. Major partners adopting USDC include Visa, FTX, Consensys, and BlockFi.

Jeremy Allaire views seamless fiat-to-crypto gateways like USDC as integral to bridging traditional and digital economies through interoperable payment rails. Backed by funding from Fidelity, BlackRock, and Marshall Wace, Circle plans to offer publicly-traded shares to amplify its global expansion.

Driven by booming stablecoin adoption, Circle achieved an impressive $400 million in annual revenue by the end of last year. The company’s robust growth has continued in 2023 after closing a mega $100 million funding round.

“Our mission is to transform the global economic system for the betterment of people’s lives everywhere,” said Allaire.

4. Riot Blockchain – Nearly $300 Million in Revenue Via BTC Mining

One of the earliest Nasdaq-listed Bitcoin miners, Riot Blockchain commands around 5% share of the global BTC mining market. The company deploys environmentally-friendly infrastructure at scale to mint new Bitcoins around the clock across North America.

In addition to mining, Riot invests heavily into blockchain startups via Riot Ventures, its VC subsidiary managing over $200 million in assets. Riot also has a dedicated R&D division focused on supporting broader Bitcoin development and U.S. crypto regulatory initiatives.

Under CEO Jason Les, the vertically-integrated miner nearly doubled its Bitcoin production last year to 4,754 BTC worth over $100 million. By maximizing mining output and BTC price appreciation, Riot Blockchain generated approximately $290 million in 2022 revenue.

“Riot offers unparalleled exposure to Bitcoin growth coupled with domestically controlled infrastructure,” said Les.

5. Gemini – $189 Million Revenue and Counting for the Winklevoss Twins

Founded in 2014 by Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss, Gemini brings regulation-first crypto solutions to individual and institutional investors. The New York-based exchange and custodian enables simple, secure trading, deposits, withdrawals, storage, and other prime services across 100+ crypto assets and stablecoins.

In addition to the fully-insured Gemini Exchange, portfolio tracker, and Wallet app, noteworthy products include the popular Gemini Credit Card rewarding purchases in crypto along with Gemini Clearing linking major tokenized stock exchanges.

By focusing on usability and trust, Gemini has onboarded over 4 million customers at home and abroad as greater numbers seek exposure to digital assets’ intriguing upside.

Powering Gemini’s global expansion is over $400 million raised to date from Morgan Creek, Revolution Growth, and others valuing the firm at $7 billion. Gemini’s estimated $189 million in annual revenue will likely grow substantially amid swelling retail and institutional demand for crypto.

“We expect 2023 to be a pivotal year for crypto, driven by the continued institutional adoption of crypto and blockchain technology,” the Winklevoss twins told Bloomberg.

6. ConsenSys – $100 Million+ Revenue in Enterprise Blockchain Solutions

Brooklyn-based ConsenSys builds enterprise solutions, modular tools, and public utilities powering Web3 across decentralized finance, supply chains, metaverse networks, sustainability, and beyond. Founded in 2014 by Ethereum co-creator Joseph Lubin, ConsenSys partners with organizations and governments globally on blockchain adoption strategies customized to their needs.

Flagship ConsenSys products include Infura’s scalable API-based access to Ethereum and other networks, MetaMask wallet with 30 million+ MAUs, Codefi for commerce/payments, PesgaSys’ enterprise chains, Quorum for enterprise use cases, and Diligence cybersecurity auditing. ConsenSys also oversees leading Web3 startups like Ledgermatic, MythX, Uniswap, and dozens more in its investment portfolio.

ConsenSys helps future-proof organizations against disruption and unlocks new revenue streams via tokenized ecosystems. These blockchain solutions have fueled over $100 million in estimated 2022 revenue for ConsenSys while advancing mainstream decentralized technology adoption.

“We are building the digital economies of a more equitable and sustainable tomorrow across industries and use cases,” said Joseph Lubin on LinkedIn.

7. Solana Labs – $53.8 Million Revenue Via Blazing Fast Blockchain

Solana prioritizes security, scalability, and usability with its feature-rich open infrastructure optimized for global decentralized app development. Founded in 2017 then launched in 2020 by former Qualcomm engineer Anatoly Yakovenko, Solana leverages proof-of-history sequencing to enable 50,000 TPS throughput and 400ms block times that rank among the fastest throughputs in crypto.

Built-in features like Smart Contracts, Proof of Stake, Solana Mobile Stack, and more empower builders to cost-efficiently scale Web3 apps for micropayments, DeFi, NFTs, and future Web experiences more seamlessly than legacy chains like Ethereum.

1000+ innovative projects across Defi, NFTs, Web3, and GameFi worth billions have launched on Solana mainnet to date thanks to reliable performance, low fees, and broad composability. Solana prioritizes robust support for its flourishing community via hackathons, accelerator programs, free education initiatives and more from its Swiss non-profit.

Solana Eco has facilitated over $53.8 million in funding deployed directly into hundreds of promising crypto projects maximizing Solana blockchain to solve real-world challenges.

“Solana is the platform to provide the tools, speed, and scalability that enable builders to focus on creating compelling products rather than engineering blockchain infrastructure from scratch,” said Raj Gokal, Solana Labs COO.

8. Hive Blockchain Technologies – Nearly $30 Million Revenue From Eco-Friendly BTC Mining

Hive Blockchain operates vast arrays of application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miners in Canada, Sweden, and elsewhere powered exclusively by green energy. The green mining pioneer has minted over 30,000 Bitcoin since going public in 2017 through clean solar, wind, hydro and geothermal sources.

In addition to producing freshly mined BTC around the clock, Hive develops associated blockchain technologies and invests in promising crypto startups via strategic financing. The company has also sought dual listings in both Canada and U.S. to boost trading liquidity and transparency.

By leveraging robust minting operations to maximum profitability, Hive generates bountiful gross mining margin even amid crypto market fluctuations. In 2022, Hive achieved an approximate $29.6 million in annual revenue.

"As the longest running publicly traded Bitcoin miner, we take pride in leading the way in transparent green mining," said Frank Holmes, Hive Executive Chairman.

9. Chainlink Labs – $24.4 Million Supporting Multi-Chain Smart Contracts

Founded in 2014, Chainlink helps enterprises integrate real-world data into advanced blockchain applications securely without compromising privacy or network performance. The startup has emerged as the industry leader in decentralized oracle networks providing external data and off-chain computation to complex smart contracts across any blockchain.

Chainlink oracle networks and services give developers proven, time-tested tools to design, deploy and monitor hybrid smart contracts connecting to any API, payment system, IoT device, internal system or other resource. This unlocks use cases like decentralized insurance, supply forecasting, identity verification, gaming odds, market data feeds and much more.

Chainlink powers universally connected smart contracts across 1,900+ integrations worth over $75 billion in value secured. These revolutionary Web3 building blocks have generated an estimated $24.4 million in 2022 revenue for Chainlink Labs.

“Chainlink helps enterprise companies generate significant ROI by revamping business models and systems through tamper-proof oracle networks,” said Sergey Nazarov, Chainlink Co-Founder.

10. Blockstream – Over $15 Million in Revenue From Bitcoin/Blockchain Infrastructure

Co-founded in 2014 by Bitcoin Core developers including CEO Adam Back, Blockstream drives bleeding-edge innovations across mining, payments, assets, and more leveraging Liquid sidechain, Bitcoin satellite APIs, crypto financial products and its full-stack mining unit.

In addition to empowering individuals and businesses to custody BTC securely, Blockstream provides enterprise clients trusted blockchain infrastructure components for transparency, efficiency and fraud elimination across numerous verticals.

Notable Blockstream solutions adopted globally include Blockstream AMP for managing BTC on balance sheet, Blockstream Jade and Cobalt Wallet hardware/software offerings and Blockstream Mining to mint freshly wrapped BTC L-BTC using excess hydro-electricity.

By delivering robust Bitcoin blockchain tools and infrastructure at scale over the past 8+ years, Blockstream has generated an estimated $15.6 million in annual revenue recently alongside partnering with Fidelity, LinkedIn founder Reid Hoffman and other heavy hitters.

“We aim to keep extending Bitcoin/blockchain capabilities for enterprises via our suite of best-in-class products,” said Blockstream CSO Samson Mow.

These 10 firms collectively facilitate billions in value across institutional and retail blockchain markets in 2023. From crypto trading and DeFi applications to tokenization layers, mining infrastructure, oracles, wallets and beyond, these industry trailblazers offer robust, real-world utility advancing mainstream decentralized technology proliferation.

By leveraging the immutability, transparency and process integrity benefits of blockchain ledgers, these leading providers enable businesses, governments and consumers to maximize efficiency, reduce fraud, strengthen privacy and sustain innovation like never before – a future reaching far beyond just finance use cases.

We expect these top blockchain companies and others to continue capturing greater market share in the coming years as blockchain technology penetrates deeper globally across IT systems, supply chains, healthcare, energy, creative economies and everyday life.

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